Diabetes, otherwise known as the sugar disease, is common and causes serious results. It is caused by a pancreas generated insulin insufficiency or insulin inefficiency. Without insulin, sugar and other nutritional elements gained from food cannot be taken up by the cells.
The energy needs of our body are supplied by carbonhydrates, proteins and fats, the basic nutritional elements of our food. The most important of these nutritional elements, which are broken down to the smallest of particles in order to be able to be absorbed, is the glucose called plain sugar.
Obesity, meaning adiposity, is the excessive collection of fatty tissue in the body and weight increase. There are many factors determining obesity, like genetic, environmental factors, socio-economic status, metabolic diseases, medicines.
The situation colloquially called hidden sugar expresses the metabolic status between normal glucose balance and diabetes. Normally the blood sugar needs to be < 110 mg/dl on an empty stomach. And if this blood sugar is above 110 mg./dl but under < 126 mg/dl on an empty stomach it is defined as an “Impaired Glucose Tolerance”.
Diabetes is a metabolism disease which manifests itself with a blood glucose concentration above normal. In order to be able to understand the reasons for this, we need to know how our body generates the necessary energy.
Sugar disease, meaning diabetes, has been one of the most important health problems of societies since times past. As the blood sugar level can be controlled thanks to new treatment approaches and developed medicines, ketoacidosis and hypoglycaemia, among the deadly complications of diabetes, are rarely seen.